Landscape lighting used to be simple. A few recessed can fixtures lining
the front path, a couple downlights tucked in the trees, and you were done.
Not anymore. When it comes to the great outdoors, homeowners have seen the
"Today, the biggest excitement in outdoor lighting is the whole artistic aspect," says Dan Blitzer, education consultant for the American Lighting Association. "Think of it as painting a picture of the landscape at night, using lights to achieve the look a homeowner wants."
Night-lighting your landscape offers a creative way to showcase your home and property after dark. Properly placed, lights can dramatize trees, highlight favorite shrubs and accent statuary, fountains and flowerbeds. Like any creative work, the options abound.
"The challenge with landscape lighting is that most people don't immediately see all the possibilities," says Joe Rey-Barreau, American Lighting Association Consulting Director of Education and director of the Lighting and Design Center at the University of Kentucky. "Outdoor lighting can be both functional and aesthetic. It's an art to understand how much light to place on a house or determine where the focal points are."
To light correctly, key in on architectural features. Consider uplighting an arbor, archway or facade for a dramatic effect. Wash the side of the house with a splash of light. Graze a textured fence or wall with a focused beam. Illuminate the water in a pool or pond with submersible lights. Silhouette a tree or bush by placing lights below and behind the object. While some lights take a fashionable approach, others focus on function. Low voltage lights installed under handrails, stairs and bench seating on decks help lighten things up for outdoor entertaining. Stronger beams designed to shine over an outdoor activity area like a basketball court add extra hours of post-dusk fun.
"If you cook out at night, position a spotlight in the eaves of the house to send a beam directly over the BBQ,'' says Rey-Barreau.
A well lit home is also safer and more secure. Illuminated steps, paths and
driveways prevent after-dark accidents. Motion detectors light up obscure spots
when someone passes by. Photocells automatically turn on fixtures at dusk and
off at dawn, providing protection even when you’re away from home.
“If your home is not properly lighted, there is a greater chance of someone
breaking in,’’ says Daniel Lecian, ALA Lighting Specialist for the
Hermitage Lighting Gallery in Nashville, TN.
The key to attractive outdoor lighting follows a less-is-more philosophy. Soft, natural light should mimic moonlight on the property.
"It's important not to over-light," says Blitzer. "What you should see is the landscape, not the lights so that the outdoor lighting tells a visual story at night."
When installing outdoor lights, conceal the light source behind shrubs, tree branches or other foliage -- unless the fixture is a decorative element.
"You should see the light effect, not the source," says Richard Lentz of Lentz Landscape Lighting of Dallas, TX. "The bulb and fixture should disappear when the lights are turned on. All that should be visible is the glow of light on the flowers, the wall or the path."
With more people staying at home it has helped foster the current fascination in landscape lighting. "The trends have been very home oriented," says Blitzer. "People are interested in dressing up their homes even more."
Lighting showrooms and manufacturers have expanded their stock as well, resulting in more outdoor options for consumers. "For a long time, landscape lighting revolved around do-it-yourself, low-voltage lights picked up at home centers and installed by the consumer in a line about two feet apart," says Rey-Barreau. "These were not really made to withstand the weather conditions and were not long-term solutions."
Styles range from large overhead cylindrical floodlights to minute spot or accent lights used for highlighting specific features. Spread and diffused units set low to the ground, line paths, flowerbeds and driveways and cast a broader glow. The latest looks in such path lights depend on fixtures that can be placed further apart to create a more attractive glow.
Some lights are patterned like three-leaf clusters or single leaf containers. Others boast more traditional lantern styles. Still others beam from within floral fixtures installed in flowerbeds.
"There have been new product developments,'' says Rey-Barreau. "Weather-resistant products and new plastic technology are both attractive and functional."
Bulbs have also improved. Newer 65- and 120-watt incandescent bulbs provide up to 25% more light. Compact fluorescent bulbs produce soft lighting, the highest energy savings, and last up to 10,000 hours. Mercury vapor bulbs supply a strong, cost-conscious light with a cool color that can last as long as 24,000 hours— or 6 years burning dusk to dawn.
While most homeowners opt for pure white light, others like the hint of hue. Warm tones like yellow or red introduced properly can make the landscape come alive at night. Green lights can make foliage look even greener.
"Be careful with colored lights,'' says Rey-Barreau. "Unless they are done carefully, they can look garish."
The cost for installing outdoor lighting is as varied as the landscape designs. According to experts, highlighting a couple of trees in a typical suburban front lawn could run from $800 to $1,200. A one-acre property with an elaborate lighting scheme can cost as much as $10,000.
The American Lighting Association, a not-for-profit association of leading manufacturers, retail lighting showrooms and sales representatives in the U.S. and Canada, is dedicated to expanding public knowledge about lighting.
Night-lighting your landscape offers a creative way to showcase your home and property after dark. Properly placed, lights can dramatize trees, highlight favorite shrubs and accent statuary, fountains and flowerbeds.
Low-voltage landscape lighting equipment can be relatively inexpensive. And, when you do the job yourself, the bottom line for outdoor low-voltage lighting looks even better.
With no wiring required, outdoor solar lighting and solar lanterns have become popular landscape lighting choices. Energy efficient accent lighting that can be installed easily by the average homeowner.